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     ckpath, errpath, helppath, valpath - display a prompt;  ver-
     ify and return a pathname

     ckpath [-Q] [-W width] [-a | l]  [-b | c | f | y]  [-n [o  |
     z]  ]  [-rtwx] [-d default] [-h help] [-e error] [-p prompt]
     [ -k pid [-s signal]]

     /usr/sadm/bin/errpath [-W width] [-a | l]  [-b | c | f |  y]
     [-n [o | z] ]  [-rtwx] [-e error]

     /usr/sadm/bin/helppath [-W width] [-a | l]  [-b | c | f | y]
     [-n [o | z] ]  [-rtwx] [-h help]

     /usr/sadm/bin/valpath [-a | l]  [-b | c | f | y]  [-n  [o  |
     z] ]  [-rtwx] input

     The  ckpath  utility  prompts  a  user  and  validates   the
     response.  It  defines, among other things, a prompt message
     whose response should be a pathname, text for help and error
     messages, and a default value (which is returned if the user
     responds with a <RETURN>).

     The pathname must obey the criteria specified by  the  first
     group  of  options.  If no criteria is defined, the pathname
     must be for a normal file that does not yet exist.  If  nei-
     ther -a (absolute) or -l (relative) is given, then either is
     assumed to be valid.

     All messages are limited in length to 79 characters and  are
     formatted automatically. Tabs and newlines are removed after
     a single white space character in a message definition,  but
     spaces are not removed. When a tilde is placed at the begin-
     ning or end of a message definition,  the  default  text  is
     inserted  at  that  point, allowing both custom text and the
     default text to be displayed.

     If the prompt, help or error message  is  not  defined,  the
     default message (as defined under EXAMPLES) is displayed.

     Three visual tool modules are linked to the ckpath  command.
     They  are  errpath (which formats and displays an error mes-
     sage on the standard output), helppath  (which  formats  and
     displays a help message on the standard output), and valpath
     (which validates a response). These modules should  be  used
     in conjunction with Framed Access Command Environment (FACE)
     objects. In this  instance,  the  FACE  object  defines  the

     The following options are supported:

     -a              Pathname must be an absolute path.

     -b              Pathname must be a block special file.

     -c              Pathname must be a character special file.

     -d default      Defines the default value  as  default.  The
                     default  is  not  validated  and so does not
                     have to meet any criteria.

     -e error        Defines the error message as  error.

     -f              Pathname must be a regular file.

     -h help         Defines the help message as  help.

     -k pid          Specifies that process ID pid is to be  sent
                     a signal if the user chooses to quit.

     -l              Pathname must be a relative path.

     -n              Pathname must not exist (must be new).

     -o              Pathname must exist (must be old).

     -p prompt       Defines the prompt message as prompt.

     -Q              Specifies that quit  is  not  allowed  as  a
                     valid response.

     -r              Pathname must be readable.

     -s signal       Specifies that the process  ID  pid  defined
                     with the -k option is to be sent signal sig-
                     nal when quit is chosen.  If  no  signal  is
                     specified, SIGTERM is used.

     -t              Pathname  must  be  creatable   (touchable).
                     Pathname  will  be  created  if  it does not
                     already exist.

     -w              Pathname must be writable.

     -W width        Specify that prompt, help and error messages
                     be formatted to a line length of width.

     -x              Pathname must be executable.

     -y              Pathname must be a directory.

     -z              Pathname must have  a  file  having  a  size
                     greater than zero bytes.

     The following operand is supported:

     input           Input  to  be  verified  against  validation

     The text of the default messages  for  ckpath  depends  upon
     the criteria options that have been used.

     Example 1: Default prompt

     An example default prompt for ckpath (using the  -a  option)

     example% ckpath -a
     Enter an absolute pathname [?,q]

     Example 2: Default error message

     An example default error message (using the -a option) is:

     example% /usr/sadm/bin/errpath -a
     ERROR: A pathname is a filename, optionally preceded by parent directories.
     The pathname you enter: - must begin with a slash (/)

     Example 3: Default help message

     An example default help message (using the -a option) is:

     example% /usr/sadm/bin/helppath -a
     A pathname is a filename, optionally preceded by parent directories.
     The pathname you enter: - must begin with a slash (/)

     Example 4: The quit option

     When the quit option is chosen (and allowed), q is  returned
     along  with  the  return  code 3. Quit input gets a trailing

     Example 5: Using the valpath module

     The valpath module will produce a usage message  on  stderr.
     It returns  0 for success and non-zero for failure.

     example% /usr/sadm/bin/valpath
     usage: valpath [-[a|l][b|c|f|y][n|[o|z]]rtwx] input

     The following exit values are returned:

     0        Successful execution.

     1        EOF on input, or negative width on  -W  option,  or
              usage error.

     2        Mutually exclusive options.

     3        User termination (quit).

     4        Mutually exclusive options.

     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-

    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    | Availability                | SUNWcsu                     |

     face(1), signal.h(3HEAD), attributes(5)

Man pages from Solaris 10 Update 8. See docs.sun.com and www.oracle.com for further documentation and Solaris information.