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exec


NAME
     exec, eval, source - shell  built-in  functions  to  execute
     other commands

SYNOPSIS
  sh
     exec [argument...]

     eval [argument...]

  csh
     exec command

     eval argument...

     source [-h] name

  ksh
     *exec [arg...]

     *eval [arg...]

DESCRIPTION
  sh
     The exec command specified by the arguments is  executed  in
     place   of  this  shell  without  creating  a  new  process.
     Input/output arguments may appear and, if no other arguments
     are given, cause the shell input/output to be modified.

     The arguments to the eval built-in are read as input to  the
     shell and the resulting command(s) executed.

  csh
     exec executes command in place of the current  shell,  which
     terminates.

     eval reads its arguments as input to the shell and  executes
     the  resulting  command(s).  This is usually used to execute
     commands generated as the result of command or variable sub-
     stitution.

     source reads commands from  name.  source  commands  may  be
     nested,  but if they are nested too deeply the shell may run
     out of file descriptors. An error in a sourced file  at  any
     level terminates all nested source commands.

     -h       Place commands from the file name  on  the  history
              list without executing them.




  ksh
     With the exec built-in, if arg is given, the command  speci-
     fied  by  the  arguments  is executed in place of this shell
     without creating a new process. Input/output  arguments  may
     appear  and  affect the current process. If no arguments are
     given the effect of this command is to modify file  descrip-
     tors as prescribed by the input/output redirection list.  In
     this case, any file descriptor numbers greater than  2  that
     are  opened  with  this  mechanism  are closed when invoking
     another program.

     The arguments to eval are read as input to the shell and the
     resulting command(s) executed.

     On this man page, ksh(1) commands that are preceded  by  one
     or  two * (asterisks) are treated specially in the following
     ways:

     1.  Variable assignment lists preceding the  command  remain
         in effect when the command completes.


     2.  I/O redirections are processed  after  variable  assign-
         ments.


     3.  Errors cause a script that contains them to abort.


     4.  Words, following a command preceded by **  that  are  in
         the  format  of a variable assignment, are expanded with
         the same rules as a variable assignment. This means that
         tilde  substitution  is  performed  after the = sign and
         word splitting and file name  generation  are  not  per-
         formed.


EXIT STATUS
     For ksh:

     If command is not found, the exit status is 127. If  command
     is  found, but is not an executable utility, the exit status
     is 126. If a redirection error occurs, the shell exits  with
     a  value  in the range 1-125. Otherwise, exec returns a zero
     exit status.

ATTRIBUTES
     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-
     butes:



     ____________________________________________________________
    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|
    | Availability                | SUNWcsu                     |
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|


SEE ALSO
     csh(1), ksh(1), sh(1), attributes(5)










Man pages from Solaris 10 Update 8. See docs.sun.com and www.oracle.com for further documentation and Solaris information.
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