Unix‎ > ‎Solaris‎ > ‎Solaris man pages‎ > ‎1‎ > ‎

nispasswd


NAME
     nispasswd - change NIS+ password information

SYNOPSIS
     nispasswd [-ghs] [-D domainname] [username]


     nispasswd -a


     nispasswd [-D domainname] [-d [username]]


     nispasswd [-l] [-f] [-n min] [-x max] [-w warn]
         [-D domainname] username


DESCRIPTION
     The nispasswd utility changes a  password,   gecos  (finger)
     field  (-g  option),   home directory (-h option),  or login
     shell (-s option) associated with the username  (invoker  by
     default) in the NIS+ passwd table.


     Additionally, the command can be  used  to  view  or  modify
     aging information associated with the user specified  if the
     invoker has the right NIS+ privileges.


     nispasswd uses secure  RPC  to  communicate  with  the  NIS+
     server,   and  therefore,  never sends unencrypted passwords
     over  the communication medium.


     nispasswd does not read or modify the local password  infor-
     mation stored in the /etc/passwd and  /etc/shadow files.


     When used to  change  a  password,  nispasswd  prompts  non-
     privileged  users  for  their old password.  It then prompts
     for the new password twice  to  forestall  typing  mistakes.
     When the old password is entered, nispasswd checks to see if
     it has "aged" sufficiently.   If  "aging"  is  insufficient,
     nispasswd terminates; see getspnam(3C).


     The old password is used to decrypt  the  username's  secret
     key.  If  the  password  does  not  decrypt  the secret key,
     nispasswd prompts for the old secure-RPC password.  It  uses
     this  password  to decrypt the secret key. If this fails, it
     gives the user one more chance. The  old  password  is  also
     used to ensure that the new password differs from the old by
     at least three characters. Assuming aging is  sufficient,  a
     check  is  made  to ensure that  the new password meets con-
     struction requirements described below. When the  new  pass-
     word  is  entered  a second time,  the two copies of the new
     password are compared.  If the two copies are not identical,
     the  cycle  of  prompting  for  the new password is repeated
     twice. The new password is used to   re-encrypt  the  user's
     secret  key.  Hence,  it also becomes their secure-RPC pass-
     word. Therefore, the secure-RPC password is no longer a dif-
     ferent password from the user's password.


     Passwords must be constructed to meet the following require-
     ments:

         o    Each password must have at  least  six  characters.
              Only the first eight characters are significant.

         o    Each password must contain at least two  alphabetic
              characters  and  at  least  one  numeric or special
              character. In this case, "alphabetic" refers to all
              upper or lower case letters.

         o    Each password must differ from  the   user's  login
              username and any  reverse or circular shift of that
              login username. For comparison purposes,  an  upper
              case  letter   and  its  corresponding  lower  case
              letter are equivalent.

         o    New passwords must differ from the  old by at least
              three characters. For comparison purposes, an upper
              case letter and its corresponding lower case letter
              are equivalent.


     Network administrators, who own the NIS+ password table, may
     change  any  password  attributes   if  they establish their
     credentials (see keylogin(1))  before  invoking   nispasswd.
     Hence, nispasswd does not prompt these privileged-users  for
     the old password and they are  not  forced  to  comply  with
     password aging and password construction requirements.


     Any user may use the -d option to  display  password  attri-
     butes  for  his  or  her  own  login name. The format of the
     display will be:

       username status mm/dd/yy min max warn




     or, if password aging information is not present,

       username status




     where

     username    The login ID of the user.


     status      The password status of username: "PS" stands for
                 password  exists  or  locked,  "LK"  stands  for
                 locked, and "NP" stands for no password.


     mm/dd/yy    The date password was last changed for username.
                 (Note  that  all password aging dates are deter-
                 mined using Greenwich Mean Time (Universal Time)
                 and,  therefore,  may differ by as much as a day
                 in other time zones.)


     min         The minimum  number  of  days  required  between
                 password changes for username.


     max         The maximum number of days the password is valid
                 for username.


     warn        The number of days relative to  max  before  the
                 password  expires  that  the  username  will  be
                 warned.



     The use of  nispasswd  is  strongly  discouraged.  It  is  a
     wrapper around the passwd(1) command.


     Using passwd(1) with the -r nisplus option will achieve  the
     same  result and will be consistent across all the different
     name services available. This  is  the  recommended  way  to
     change the password in NIS+.


     The login program, file access display programs  (for  exam-
     ple,  ls  -l),  and network programs that require user pass-
     words, for example, rlogin(1), ftp(1), and so  on,  use  the
     standard   getpwnam(3C)  and  getspnam(3C) interfaces to get
     password information. These programs will get the NIS+ pass-
     word  information,  which  is modified by nispasswd, only if
     the  passwd: entry in the  /etc/nsswitch.conf file  includes
     nisplus. See nsswitch.conf(4) for more details.

OPTIONS
     The following options are supported:

     -a               Shows  the  password  attributes  for   all
                      entries. This will show only the entries in
                      the NIS+ passwd table in the  local  domain
                      that the invoker is authorized to "read".


     -d [username]    Displays password attributes for the caller
                      or  the  user  specified if the invoker has
                      the right privileges.


     -D domainname    Consults  the   passwd.org_dir   table   in
                      domainname.  If  this  option is not speci-
                      fied, the default  domainname  returned  by
                      nis_local_directory()  will  be  used. This
                      domainname is the same as that returned  by
                      domainname(1M).


     -f               Forces the user to change password  at  the
                      next  login   by  expiring the password for
                      username.


     -g               Changes the gecos (finger) information.


     -h               Changes the home directory.


     -l               Locks the password entry for username. Sub-
                      sequently,   login(1) would disallow logins
                      with this NIS+ password entry.


     -n min           Sets minimum field for  username.  The  min
                      field  contains  the minimum number of days
                      between password changes for username.   If
                      min  is  greater than max, the user may not
                      change the password. Always use this option
                      with  the  -x option, unless max is set  to
                      -1 (aging turned off).  In that  case,  min
                      need not be set.

     -s               Changes the login shell. By  default,  only
                      the NIS+ administrator can change the login
                      shell. The user will be  prompted  for  the
                      new login shell.


     -w warn          Sets warn  field  for  username.  The  warn
                      field  contains  the  number of days before
                      the password expires that the user will  be
                      warned  whenever  he  or  she  attempts  to
                      login.


     -x max           Sets maximum field for  username.  The  max
                      field contains the number of days that  the
                      password is valid for username.  The  aging
                      for username will be turned off immediately
                      if max is set to -1.  If it is  set  to  0,
                      then the user is forced to change the pass-
                      word  at the next login session  and  aging
                      is turned off.


EXIT STATUS
     The following exit values are returned:

     0     Success.


     1     Permission denied.


     2     Invalid combination of options.


     3     Unexpected failure. NIS+ passwd table unchanged.


     4     NIS+ passwd table missing.


     5     NIS+ is busy. Try again later.


     6     Invalid argument to option.


     7     Aging is disabled.


     8     No memory.

     9     System error.


     10    Account expired.


ATTRIBUTES
     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-
     butes:



     ____________________________________________________________
    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|
    | Availability                | SUNWnisu                    |
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|


SEE ALSO
     keylogin(1),  login(1),  NIS+(1),  nistbladm(1),  passwd(1),
     rlogin(1),   domainname(1M),   nisserver(1M),  getpwnam(3C),
     getspnam(3C),  nis_local_directory(3NSL),  nsswitch.conf(4),
     passwd(4), shadow(4), attributes(5)

NOTES
     NIS+ might not  be  supported  in  future  releases  of  the
     Solaris  operating  system.  Tools to aid the migration from
     NIS+ to LDAP are available in the current  Solaris  release.
     For            more            information,            visit
     http://www.sun.com/directory/nisplus/transition.html.










Man pages from Solaris 10 Update 8. See docs.sun.com and www.oracle.com for further documentation and Solaris information.
Comments