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roles


NAME
     roles - print roles granted to a user

SYNOPSIS
     roles [ user ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The command roles prints on standard output the  roles  that
     you  or  the  optionally-specified  user  have been granted.
     Roles are special accounts that correspond to  a  functional
     responsibility  rather than to an actual person (referred to
     as a normal user).

     Each user may have zero or more roles. Roles  have  most  of
     the  attributes of normal users and are identified like nor-
     mal users in passwd(4) and shadow(4). Each role must have an
     entry in the user_attr(4) file that identifies it as a role.
     Roles can have their own authorizations  and  profiles.  See
     auths(1) and profiles(1).

     Roles are not allowed to log into  a  system  as  a  primary
     user.  Instead,  a  user  must log in as him- or herself and
     assume the role. The actions of a role are  attributable  to
     the  normal  user.  When  auditing  is  enabled, the audited
     events of the role contain the audit ID of the original user
     who assumed the role.

     A role may not assume itself or any other  role.  Roles  are
     not    hierarchical.    However,    rights   profiles   (see
     prof_attr(4)) are hierarchical and can be  used  to  achieve
     the same effect as hierarchical roles.

     Roles must have valid passwords and one of the  shells  that
     interprets  profiles:  either  pfcsh,  pfksh,  or  pfsh. See
     pfexec(1).

     Role assumption may be performed using su(1M), rlogin(1), or
     some  other  service  that  supports the PAM_RUSER variable.
     Successful assumption requires knowledge of the role's pass-
     word and membership in the role. Role assignments are speci-
     fied in user_attr(4).

EXAMPLES
     Example 1: Sample output

     The output of the roles command has the following form:


     example% roles tester01 tester02
     tester01 : admin
     tester02 : secadmin, root
     example%

EXIT STATUS
     The following exit values are returned:

     0        Successful completion.



     1        An error occurred.



FILES
     /etc/user_attr

     /etc/security/auth_attr

     /etc/security/prof_attr

ATTRIBUTES
     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-
     butes:

     ____________________________________________________________
    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|
    | Availability                | SUNWcsu                     |
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|


SEE ALSO
     auths(1),   pfexec(1),   profiles(1),   rlogin(1),   su(1M),
     getauusernam(3BSM),  auth_attr(4),  passwd(4), prof_attr(4),
     shadow(4), user_attr(4), attributes(5)










Man pages from Solaris 10 Update 8. See docs.sun.com and www.oracle.com for further documentation and Solaris information.
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