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     sccs-admin, admin - create and administer SCCS history files

     /usr/ccs/bin/admin [-bhnz] [-a username | groupid]...
         [-d flag] ... [-e username | groupid]...
         [-f flag [value]] ... [-i [filename]] [-m mr-list]
         [-rrelease] [-t [description-file]] [-y [comment]] s.filename...

     The admin command creates or modifies the  flags  and  other
     parameters  of SCCS history files. Filenames of SCCS history
     files begin with the `s.' prefix, and  are  referred  to  as
     s.files, or ``history'' files.

     The named s.file is created if it does  not  exist  already.
     Its  parameters are initialized or modified according to the
     options you specify.  Parameters  not  specified  are  given
     default  values when the file is initialized, otherwise they
     remain unchanged.

     If a directory name is used in place of the s.filename argu-
     ment,  the  admin  command  applies  to  all s.files in that
     directory.  Unreadable s.files produce an error.  The use of
     `-'  as  the s.filename argument indicates that the names of
     files are to be read from the standard input, one s.file per

     The following options are supported:

     -a username | groupid    Adds a user name,  or  a  numerical
                              group  ID, to the list of users who
                              may check deltas in or out. If  the
                              list  is empty, any user is allowed
                              to do so.

     -b                       Forces  encoding  of  binary  data.
                              Files  that  contain  ASCII  NUL or
                              other control characters,  or  that
                              do  not  end  with  a  NEWLINE, are
                              recognized as  binary  data  files.
                              The  contents  of  such  files  are
                              stored  in  the  history  file   in
                              encoded  form. See uuencode(1C) for
                              details about  the  encoding.  This
                              option is normally used in conjunc-
                              tion with  -i  to  force  admin  to
                              encode  initial versions not recog-
                              nized as containing binary data.

     -d flag                  Deletes the indicated flag from the
                              SCCS  file.  The  -d  option may be
                              specified   only    for    existing
                              s.files.  See  -f  for  the list of
                              recognized flags.

     -e username | groupid    Erases a user name or group ID from
                              the  list  of users allowed to make

     -f flag [value]          Sets  the  indicated  flag  to  the
                              (optional)   value  specified.  The
                              following flags are recognized:


                                  Enables branch deltas.  When  b
                                  is set, branches can be created
                                  using the -b option of the SCCS
                                  get command (see sccs-get(1)).


                                  Sets a ceiling on the  releases
                                  that  can  be checked out. ceil
                                  is a number less than or  equal
                                  to  9999.  If c is not set, the
                                  ceiling is 9999.


                                  Specifies  the  default   delta
                                  number,  or  SID, to be used by
                                  an SCCS get command.


                                  Sets a floor  on  the  releases
                                  that  can  be  checked out. The
                                  floor is a number greater  than
                                  0  but  less than 9999. If f is
                                  not set, the floor is 1.


                                  Treats  the  `No  id   keywords
                                  (ge6)'  message  issued  by  an
                                  SCCS get or delta command as an
                                  error rather than a warning.


                                  Allows concurrent updates.

                              l release[, release...]

                                  Locks  the  indicated  list  of
                                  releases  against  deltas. If a
                                  is used, this  flag  locks  out
                                  deltas to all releases. An SCCS
                                  `get  -e'  command  fails  when
                                  applied    against   a   locked


                                  Supplies a value for the module
                                  name  to which the sccs-admin.1
                                  keyword is to expand. If the  m
                                  flag   is  not  specified,  the
                                  value assigned is the  name  of
                                  the  SCCS file with the leading
                                  s. removed.


                                  Creates  empty  releases   when
                                  releases   are  skipped.  These
                                  null (empty)  deltas  serve  as
                                  anchor  points  for branch del-


                                  Supplies a  value to which  the
                                  keyword  is  to  expand  when a
                                  read-only version is  retrieved
                                  with the SCCS get command.


                                  Specifies  how  many  lines  of
                                  code  are  scanned for the SCCS


                                  Supplies a value for the module
                                  type  to  which the  keyword is
                                  to expand.


                                  Specifies a validation  program
                                  for  the  MR numbers associated
                                  with a new delta. The  optional
                                  program  specifies  the name of
                                  an MR number validity  checking
                                  program.   If  this flag is set
                                  when creating an SCCS file, the
                                  -m option must also be used, in
                                  which case the list of MRs  may
                                  be empty.


                                  Specifies the SCCS keywords  to
                                  be  expanded.  If  no  value is
                                  specified, no keywords will  be

     -h                       Checks the structure of an existing
                              s.file  (see sccsfile(4)), and com-
                              pares a  newly  computed  check-sum
                              with  one  stored in the first line
                              of that file. -h  inhibits  writing
                              on  the  file  and so nullifies the
                              effect of any other options.

     -i[filename]             Initializes the history  file  with
                              text  from the indicated file. This
                              text constitutes the initial delta,
                              or  set  of  checked-in changes. If
                              filename is  omitted,  the  initial
                              text  is obtained from the standard
                              input. Omitting the -i option alto-
                              gether creates an empty s.file. You
                              can only initialize one s.file with
                              text  using -i. This option implies
                              the -n option.

     -m mr-list               Inserts the indicated  Modification
                              Request  (MR) numbers into the com-
                              mentary for  the  initial  version.
                              When  specifying  more  than one MR
                              number on the command line, mr-list
                              takes  the form of a quoted, space-
                              separated list. A  warning  results
                              if  the v flag is not set or the MR
                              validation fails.

     -n                       Creates a new SCCS history file.

     -rrelease                Specifies the release for the  ini-
                              tial  delta. -r may be used only in
                              conjunction with  -i.  The  initial
                              delta is inserted into release 1 if
                              this option is omitted.  The  level
                              of  the  initial delta is always 1.
                              Initial deltas  are  named  1.1  by

     -t[description-file]     Inserts descriptive text  from  the
                              file  description-file. When  -t is
                              used in conjunction with -n, or  -i
                              to  initialize  a  new  s.file, the
                              description-file must be  supplied.
                              When  modifying the description for
                              an  existing  file:  a  -t   option
                              without  a description-file removes
                              the descriptive text, if any; a  -t
                              option   with   a  description-file
                              replaces the existing text.

     -y[comment]              Inserts the  indicated  comment  in
                              the  ``Comments:''  field  for  the
                              initial delta. Valid only  in  con-
                              junction  with  -i  or  -n.  If  -y
                              option is omitted, a  default  com-
                              ment  line  is  inserted that notes
                              the date and time the history  file
                              was created.

     -z                       Recomputes the file  check-sum  and
                              stores  it in the first line of the
                              s.file. Caution: It is important to
                              verify  the contents of the history
                              file  (see  sccs-val(1),  and   the
                              print subcommand in sccs(1)), since
                              using -z on a truly corrupted  file
                              may prevent detection of the error.

     Example 1 Preventing SCCS keyword expansion

     In the following example, 10 lines of file will  be  scanned
     and only the W,Y,X keywords will be interpreted:

       example% sccs admin -fs10 file
       example% sccs admin -fyW,Y,X file
       example% get file

     See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment
     variables  that  affect  the execution of alias and unalias:

     The following exit values are returned:

     0    Successful completion.

     1    An error occurred.

     s.*         history file

     SCCS/s.*    history file in SCCS subdirectory

     z.*         temporary lock file

     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-

    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    | Availability                | SUNWsprot                   |
    | Interface Stability         | Committed                   |
    | Standard                    | See standards(5).           |

     sccs(1),  sccs-cdc(1),  sccs-delta(1),  sccs-get(1),   sccs-
     help(1),  sccs-rmdel(1),  sccs-val(1),  sccsfile(4),  attri-
     butes(5), environ(5), standards(5)

     Use the  SCCS  help  command  for  explanations  (see  sccs-

     The last component of all SCCS filenames must have the  `s.'
     prefix.  New  SCCS  files are given mode 444 (see chmod(1)).
     All writing done by admin is to a temporary file with an  x.
     prefix,  created  with mode 444 for a new SCCS file, or with
     the same mode as an existing  SCCS  file.  After  successful
     execution  of  admin,  the  existing  s.file  is removed and
     replaced with the x.file. This ensures that changes are made
     to the SCCS file only when no errors have occurred.

     It is recommended that  directories  containing  SCCS  files
     have  permission  mode  755, and that the s.files themselves
     have mode 444. The  mode for  directories  allows  only  the
     owner to modify the SCCS files contained in the directories,
     while the mode of the  s.files  prevents  all  modifications
     except those performed using SCCS commands.

     If it should be necessary to patch an SCCS file for any rea-
     son,  the  mode  may be changed to 644 by the owner to allow
     use of a text editor. However, extreme care  must  be  taken
     when  doing this. The edited file should always be processed
     by an `admin -h' command to check for  corruption,  followed
     by  an  `admin  -z'  command to generate a proper check-sum.
     Another `admin -h' command is recommended to ensure that the
     resulting s.file is valid.

     admin also uses a temporary lock s.file, starting  with  the
     `z.'  prefix, to prevent simultaneous updates to the s.file.
     See sccs-get(1) for further information about the `z.file'.

Man pages from Solaris 10 Update 8. See docs.sun.com and www.oracle.com for further documentation and Solaris information.