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     vacation - reply to mail automatically

     vacation [-I]

     vacation [-a alias] [-e filter_file] [-f database_file] [-j]
     [-m message_file] [-s sender] [-tN] username

     The vacation utility automatically replies to incoming mail.

     The installation consists of an  interactive  program  which
     sets up vacation's basic configuration.

     To install vacation,  type it with no arguments on the  com-
     mand  line.  The program creates a .vacation.msg file, which
     contains the message  that  is  automatically  sent  to  all
     senders  when  vacation is enabled, and starts an editor for
     you to modify the message. (See USAGE section.) Which editor
     is invoked is determined by the VISUAL or EDITOR environment
     variable, or vi(1) if neither of those environment variables
     are set.

     A .forward file is also created if one  does  not  exist  in
     your  home  directory.  Once created, the .forward file will
     contain a line of the form:

     One copy of an incoming message is sent to the username  and
     another copy is piped into vacation:

     \username, "|/usr/bin/vacation username"

     If a .forward file is present in  your  home  directory,  it
     will ask whether you want to remove it, which disables vaca-
     tion and ends the installation.

     The  program   automatically   creates   .vacation.pag   and
     .vacation.dir, which contain a list of senders when vacation
     is enabled.

  Activation and Deactivation
     The presence of the .forward file determines whether or  not
     vacation is disabled or enabled. To disable vacation, remove
     the .forward file, or move it to a new name.

     The -I option clears the vacation log  files,  .vacation.pag
     and .vacation.dir, erasing the list of senders from a previ-
     ous vacation session. (See OPTIONS section.)

  Additional Configuration
     vacation provides configuration options that are not part of
     the  installation,  these  being -a, -e, -f, -j, -m, -s, and
     -t. (See OPTIONS section.)

     The following options are supported:

     -I       Initializes  the  .vacation.pag  and  .vacation.dir
              files  and  enables vacation. If the -I flag is not
              specified, and a user argument is  given,  vacation
              reads the first line from the standard input (for a
              From: line, no colon). If absent,  it  produces  an
              error message.

     Options -a, -e, -f, -j, -m, -s,  and  -t  are  configuration
     options to be used in conjunction with vacation in the .for-
     ward file, not on the command line. For example,

     \username, "|/usr/bin/vacation -t1m username"

     repeats replies to the sender every minute.

     -a alias                Indicates that alias is one  of  the
                             valid  aliases  for the user running
                             vacation, so that mail addressed  to
                             that alias generates a reply.

     -e filter_file          Uses    filter_file    instead    of
                             .vacation.filter  as  the  source of
                             the   domain   and   email   address

     -f database_file        Uses database_file instead of .vaca-
                             tion  as the base name for the data-
                             base file.

     -j                      Does not check whether the recipient
                             appears  in the To: or the Cc: line.
                             Warning:  use  of  this  option  can
                             result  in  vacation  replies  being
                             sent  to  mailing  lists  and  other
                             inappropriate  places;  its  use  is
                             therefore strongly discouraged.

     -m message_file         Uses ~/message_file as  the  message
                             to  send  for  the  reply instead of
                             ~/.vacation.msg. message_file  is  a
                             relative  path  to the desired vaca-
                             tion  message   file.   To   prevent
                             directory/file  "not  found" errors,
                             message_file should be on  the  same
                             disk partition as ~/.forward.

     -s sender               Replies to  sender  instead  of  the
                             value  read  from the UNIX From line
                             of the incoming message.

     -tN                     Changes the interval between  repeat
                             replies  to  the  same  sender.  The
                             default is 1 week. A trailing s,  m,
                             h,  d,  or  w  scales  N to seconds,
                             minutes,  hours,  days,  or   weeks,

     .vacation.msg should include a header with at least  a  Sub-
     ject: line (it should not include a To: line). For example:

     Subject: I am on vacation
     I am on vacation until July 22.  If you have something urgent,
     please contact Joe Jones (jones@fB0).

     If the string $SUBJECT appears in the .vacation.msg file, it
     is  replaced  with  the subject of the original message when
     the reply is sent. Thus, a .vacation.msg file such as

     Subject: I am on vacation
     I am on vacation until July 22.
     Your mail regarding "$SUBJECT" will be read when I return.
     If you have something urgent, please contact
     Joe Jones (jones@fB0).

     will include the subject of the message in the reply.

     No message is sent if the To: or the Cc: line does not  list
     the  user  to whom the original message was sent or one of a
     number of  aliases  for  them,  if  the  initial  From  line
     includes  the  string -REQUEST@, or if a Precedence: bulk or
     Precedence: junk line is included in the header.

     vacation will also not respond to mail from either  postmas-
     ter or Mailer-Daemon.

     In addition to the above  criteria,  if  a  .vacation.filter
     file  exists,  it  is  used  to constrain further the set of
     addresses to which a reply is sent. Each line in  that  file
     should  be  either a domain name or an email address. If the
     incoming sender address matches one  of  the  lines  in  the
     file,  a reply is sent. If no lines match, no reply is sent.
     For lines containing an email address,  the  match  must  be
     exact, except for case, which is ignored. For lines contain-
     ing a  domain  name,  the  sender  address  must  be  either
     something@domain-name  or something@something.domain-name. A
     sample filter file might look like the following:


     Note: Blank lines and lines starting with  "#" are ignored.




     A  list  of  senders  is  kept  in  the  dbm  format   files
     .vacation.pag  and  .vacation.dir  in  your  home directory.
     These files are dbm files and cannot be viewed directly with
     text editors.

     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-

    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    | Availability                | SUNWsndmu                   |

     vi(1),    sendmail(1M),     dbm(3UCB),     getusershell(3C),
     aliases(4), shells(4), attributes(5)

Man pages from Solaris 10 Update 8. See docs.sun.com and www.oracle.com for further documentation and Solaris information.