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listen


NAME
     listen - network listener daemon

SYNOPSIS
     /usr/lib/saf/listen [-m devstem] net_spec

DESCRIPTION
     The listen process ``listens''  to  a  network  for  service
     requests,  accepts  requests  when  they arrive, and invokes
     servers in response to those service requests.  The  network
     listener  process  may  be used with any connection-oriented
     network (more precisely, with any connection-oriented  tran-
     sport  provider) that conforms to the Transport Layer Inter-
     face (TLI) Specification.

     The listener internally generates a pathname for  the  minor
     device for each connection; it is this pathname that is used
     in the utmpx entry for a service,  if  one  is  created.  By
     default,  this  pathname  is the concatenation of the prefix
     /dev/netspec with the decimal representation  of  the  minor
     device  number.  In  either  case, the representation of the
     minor device number will be at least two digits  (for  exam-
     ple,  05  or 27), or longer when it is necessary to accommo-
     date minor device numbers larger than 99.

SERVER INVOCATION
     When a  connection  indication  is  received,  the  listener
     creates  a new transport endpoint and accepts the connection
     on that endpoint. Before giving the file descriptor for this
     new connection to the server, any designated STREAMS modules
     are pushed and the configuration script is executed, (if one
     exists).  This  file  descriptor is appropriate for use with
     either TLI (see t_sync(3NSL)  )  or  the  sockets  interface
     library.

     By default, a new instance of the server is invoked for each
     connection.  When  the  server is invoked, file descriptor 0
     refers to the transport endpoint, and is  open  for  reading
     and  writing.  File  descriptors  1 and 2 are copies of file
     descriptor 0; no other file descriptors are open.  The  ser-
     vice is invoked with the user and group IDs of the user name
     under which the service was registered  with  the  listener,
     and  with the current directory set to the HOME directory of
     that user.

     Alternatively, a service  may  be  registered  so  that  the
     listener  will pass connections to a standing server process
     through a FIFO or a named stream, instead  of  invoking  the
     server  anew  for each connection. In this case, the connec-
     tion is passed in the form of a file descriptor that  refers
     to the new transport endpoint. Before the file descriptor is
     sent  to   the   server,   the   listener   interprets   any
     configuration  script  registered  for  that  service  using
     doconfig(3NSL), although doconfig is invoked with  both  the
     NORUN  and  NOASSIGN  flags.  The  server  receives the file
     descriptor for the connection in a strrecvfd structure using
     an I_RECVFD  ioctl(2).

     For more details about the listener and its  administration,
     see nlsadmin(1M).

OPTIONS
     -mdevstem       The listener will use devstem as the  prefix
                     for the pathname.



FILES
     /etc/saf/pmtag/*

ATTRIBUTES
     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-
     butes:

     ____________________________________________________________
    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|
    | Availability                | SUNWcsu                     |
    |_____________________________|_____________________________|


SEE ALSO
     nlsadmin(1M),  pmadm(1M),  sac(1M),  sacadm(1M),   ioctl(2),
     doconfig(3NSL),     nlsgetcall(3NSL),     nlsprovider(3NSL),
     t_sync(3NSL), attributes(5), streamio(7I)

     System Administration Guide: Basic Administration

NOTES
     When passing a connection to a standing server, the user and
     group IDs contained in the strrecvfd structure will be those
     for the listener (that is, they will both be  0);  the  user
     name  under  which  the  service  was  registered  with  the
     listener is not reflected in these IDs.

     When operating multiple instances of the listener on a  sin-
     gle  transport provider, there is a potential race condition
     in the binding of addresses  during  initialization  of  the
     listeners,   if  any  of  their  services  have  dynamically
     assigned addresses. This condition would appear as  an  ina-
     bility  of  the listener to bind a static-address service to
     its  otherwise  valid  address,  and  would  result  from  a
     dynamic-address service having been bound to that address by
     a different instance of the listener.

Man pages from Solaris 10 Update 8. See docs.sun.com and www.oracle.com for further documentation and Solaris information.
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