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     lucompare - compare boot environments

     /usr/sbin/lucompare [-i infile | -t] [-o outfile] BE_name

     /usr/sbin/lucompare [-C file [-o outfile]] [-X]

     The lucompare command is part of a suite  of  commands  that
     make  up  the  Live Upgrade feature of the Solaris operating
     environment. See live_upgrade(5) for a  description  of  the
     Live Upgrade feature.

     The lucompare command compares the contents of  the  current
     boot  environment (BE) with the contents of another BE. With
     the -C option, lucompare compares file  statistics  so  that
     you  can  determine which files have changed on a BE since a
     specified time, such as the creation time of a BE. A  speci-
     fied  BE  must  be  inactive  and  in the complete state, as
     reported by the lustatus(1M) command. Also, a BE cannot have
     a   copy   job   scheduled,   which   is  also  reported  by
     lustatus(1M). A specified  BE  cannot  have  any  partitions
     mounted with lumount(1M) or mount(1M).

     For each file system defined for a specified  BE,  lucompare
     compares all files with the files with the same pathnames in
     the current BE. The files present in the active BE, but  not
     in  the specified BE, and vice-versa, are reported. You also
     have the option to specify a list of files to be compared.

     If you specify the -C option, instead of doing  an  absolute
     comparison  of  the  current  BE with a target BE, lucompare
     compares the files in a specified BE with the list of  files
     recorded  in  a  file.  When  a  BE is created, lucreate(1M)
     creates a file named :<BE_name> in /etc/lu/compare. You  can
     use  the -C option to compare the files in a specified BE to
     this snapshot in /etc/lu/compare or you can compare  the  BE
     to a file previously created with the -o option. Comparing a
     BE to its own snapshot in  /etc/lu/compare  enables  you  to
     determine which files have changed on the BE since its crea-

     By default, the output of lucompare is  written  to  stdout.
     With the -C option, you must use the -o option to specify an
     output file. The output for lucompare is  a  list  of  files
     that differ in permissions, owner, group, or sum, along with
     the reason for difference. The output format is shown below:

       > active BE
       < BE_name
       > file_name:owner:group:number_of_links:mode:type: size
       or major_minor number:checksum
       < file_name:owner:group:number_of_links:mode:type: size
       or major_minor number:checksum

     The above fields are obtained from the stat(2) structure  of
     the file.

     The type field can be one of the following:

     SYMLINK    symbolic link

     FIFO       FIFO file

     CHRSPC     character special

     BLKSPC     block special

     DIR        directory

     REGFIL     regular file

     UNKNOW     unknown file type

     lucompare computes checksums only if the file on the  speci-
     fied  BE  matches its counterpart on the active BE in all of
     the fields described above. If the checksums differ,  lucom-
     pare  appends the differing checksums to the entries for the
     compared files.

     The lucompare command requires root privileges.

     The lucompare command has the following options:

     -C file       Compare  file  statistics  of  BE  with  those
                   recorded  in  file.  file  can be the snapshot
                   created     at     BE      creation      time,
                   /etc/lu/compare/:<BE_name>,  or  a file previ-
                   ously created with the -o option. You must use
                   the -o option with this option.

     -i infile     Compare files listed in infile. The  files  to
                   be compared should be an absolute filename. If
                   the entry in the file  is  a  directory,  then
                   comparison  is  recursive  with respect to the
                   directory.  Mutually exclusive of -t.

     -o outfile    Send output of  differences  to  outfile.  You
                   must use this option if you use -C.

     -t            Compare only nonbinary files. This is achieved
                   by  performing  a file(1) command on each file
                   in the  tree  walk  and  only  comparing  text
                   files. Mutually exclusive of -i.

     -X            Enable XML output. Characteristics of XML  are
                   defined           in          DTD,          in
                   /usr/share/lib/xml/dtd/lu_cli.dtd.<num>, where
                   <num> is the version number of the DTD file.

     BE_name    Name of the BE to which the  active  BE  will  be
                compared.   You  cannot  specify  a  BE  that  is
                involved in another Live  Upgrade  operation,  or
                specify  a  BE  for which you have mounted parti-
                tions (using lumount(1M) or mount(1M)).

     Example 1 Checking Differences Since BE Creation

     The following command lists the differences in the  BE  s8u5
     between its creation time and the present.

       # lucompare -C /etc/lu/compare/:s8u5 -o /var/tmp/compare.out s8u5

     Note that  /etc/lu/compare/:s8u5  is  the  file  created  by
     lucreate  upon  creation of a BE. The list of differences is
     sent to /var/tmp/compare.out.


     The following exit values are returned:

     0     Successful completion.

     >0    An error occurred.


         list of BEs on the system


         Live Upgrade DTD (see -X option)

     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-

    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    | Availability                | SUNWluu                     |

     luactivate(1M),  lucancel(1M),   lucreate(1M),   lucurr(1M),
     ludelete(1M),    ludesc(1M),    lufslist(1M),    lumake(1M),
     lumount(1M),  lurename(1M),   lustatus(1M),   luupgrade(1M),
     lutab(4), attributes(5), live_upgrade(5)

     The lucompare command makes  no  attempt  to  reconcile  any
     differences it detects between BEs.

Man pages from Solaris 10 Update 8. See docs.sun.com and www.oracle.com for further documentation and Solaris information.